Furthermore, sexuality education should be based on internationally accepted human rights, in particular the right to know, which precedes prevention of ill health. Opponents of sex education contend that children are not mentally and emotionally ready for this type of instruction, and believe that exposing the young to sex ed programs may foster the students with the preoccupation of sex. These components all need to be considered together. All young people have the right to comprehensive sexual and reproductive health information, education and services, to be active citizens, to have pleasure and con- fidence in their sexuality, and to be able to make their own informed choices. The Unit advised principals, school councils, teachers, parents, tertiary institutions and others in all aspects of Health and Human Relations Education. Starting the school year, age-appropriate sex education—including education about sexual diversity —will be compulsory in all secondary and primary schools.
In addition to sexuality education, sexual health services are needed to improve sexual health. Young people need to be given the opportunity to acquire essential life skills and develop positive attitudes and values. Thus, the evidence is strong that programs do not hasten or increase sexual behavior but, instead, some delay or decrease sexual behav- iors or increase condom or contraceptive use. They are also given knowledge of their own rights, told that they can have their own feelings about themselves, and informed on who to talk to in case they feel uncomfortable about a private matter and wish to talk about it. Studies have shown that many schools do not offer such education today. Programs were effective across a wide variety of countries, cultures and groups of youth. Sexual conservatives see the importance of teaching sex education, but only through abstinence-only programs. In some studies, it has been difficult to demonstrate an effect of individual sexuality education programs. Sex education was made compulsory in schools in , but became optional in In Geneva , courses have been given at the secondary level first for girls since and compulsory programs have been implemented at secondary level for all classes since the s. Attempting to update it has proven controversial: Human relations and sex education is included in all public education in Finland schools, churches, and health services with its themes integrated into appropriate subjects, not treated separately. In this way self- esteem is strengthened, and adolescents learn to respect and take care of themselves and others. Finland[ edit ] In Finland , sexual education is usually incorporated into various compulsory courses, mainly as part of biology lessons in lower grades and later in a course related to general health issues. Surveys showed that reaction among students to sex education at schools is positive, and many students felt that the school nurse should be receptive to their sexual problems. A maturing young person is in many aspects lonely and uncertain, and thus sensi- tive and vulnerable. Basel, Karger, , vol 22, pp — Sexuality Education: Many were very modest, lasting less than 30 h or even 15 h. Starting the school year, age-appropriate sex education—including education about sexual diversity —will be compulsory in all secondary and primary schools. Shaming and fear-based instruction are commonly used for teaching sex ed Gender stereotypes are promoted A majority of students receive no information about human sexuality except abstinence The materials used regularly contain factual errors and distort the truth about condoms and STDs According to Texas State Representative Mike Villarreal, "We have a responsibility to ensure that our children receive accurate information in the classroom, particularly when students' health is at stake," Villarreal said. Sexual health for adolescents is based on three fundamental components: The fullest implementation of this education has been at the nursery school level where teachers undergo special preparation in this field. Prescott , holds that what is at stake in sex education is control over the body and liberation from social control. Holland Another leader in the field is Holland, where sex education — and information about sexual diversity — are compulsory in all secondary and primary schools. The identity topic presents lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender identities as possibilities for students as they progress through life and come to understand who they are.
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Pubertet (3:8): Guttetissen // Puberty: The penis
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