Nevertheless, many states still prohibit, either through a constitutional amendment or other state statute, same-sex marriage or the legal recognition or protection of same-sex relationships. For example, recent qualitative research has shown that although gender drives differences in the way individuals view emotional intimacy with women desiring more permeable boundaries between partners in both same- and different-sex contexts , gendered relational contexts drive the types of emotion work that individuals do to promote intimacy in their relationships with women with men and men with men doing more emotion work to sustain boundaries between partners; Umberson et al. Yet because legal options vary across states and over time, the same statuses are not available to all same-sex couples. Sample Size An additional challenge is the small number of people in same-sex relationships, making it difficult to recruit substantial numbers of respondents and to achieve racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic diversity in samples of persons in same-sex relationships Black et al. For example, Blosnich and Bossarte aggregated 3 years of state-level data from 24 states to compare rates and consequences of intimate partner violence in same- and different-sex relationships and found that victims of intimate partner violence report poorer health outcomes regardless of sex of perpetrator.
One strategy for addressing parental status is to match same- and different-sex comparison groups on parental status so that parents are compared with parents and nonparents are compared with nonparents e. Journal of Family Psychology. The Williams Institute; a. Approaches to and outcomes of dyadic interview analysis. Yale University Press; Quasi-Experimental Designs Quasi-experimental designs that test the effects of social policies on individuals and couples in same-sex relationships provide another promising research strategy. Similar findings were reported in a large online survey of lesbians who were legally married compared with those who were in committed relationships, dating, or single. We measured family income as the natural log of family income. Future research should further explore how the transition from cohabitation to marriage alters relationships with other family members including relationships with families of origin for those in same-sex unions Ocobock, We experimented with models in which these states were coded in the antigay marriage category, and our results were consistent with those presented here. White, Black, and other. Two cases went before the Texas Supreme Court;  the Court declined to hear one  and said it had no jurisdiction to decide the other. Future Directions for Research on Same-Sex Relationships We now turn to three strategies that may help catalyze current theoretical and analytical energy and innovation in research on same-sex relationships: We assessed the association between the health of people in same-sex relationships and the degree and nature of the legal recognition of same-sex relationships offered in the states in which they resided. Most probability samples used to study individuals in same-sex relationships have not been designed to assess relationship dynamics or other psychosocial variables e. Building a foundation for better understanding. Population Research and Policy Review. Parental status varies for same- and different-sex couples and can confound differences between these two groups as well as within groups of same-sex couples e. Attention to gender identity and presentation in future research will lead to a more nuanced understanding of gendered dynamics within different- as well as same-sex relationships. Where do sexual minorities fit? This nationally representative study of adolescents beginning in has followed respondents into young adulthood; respondents were, on average, age 28 in the most recent survey. Moreover, for the lowest 3 levels, we measured variables at each of these different levels e. We measured education using 4 dichotomous variables that indicated the highest degree attained: Older cohorts of people in same-sex relationships, who formed their relationships in an era of significantly greater discrimination and no legal recognition for same-sex couples, may differ dramatically from younger cohorts LeBlanc et al. Eisikovits Z, Koren C.
Video about data on same sex marrages:
Same-sex marriage - the facts
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